Alexandria , Egypt

Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Exploring Bibliotheca Alexandrina: A Glimpse into Alexandria’s Heritage

Uncover the fascinating history and intriguing facts about Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a monumental library that stands as a testament to Alexandria’s cultural heritage.


Nestled on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina stands as a beacon of knowledge and a testament to the rich history of Alexandria, Egypt. This modern marvel is not only a library but also a center for culture, research, and learning. In this blog section, we will delve into the captivating history of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, from its ancient predecessor to its rebirth in the 21st century.

History of Catacombs of Bibliotheca Alexandrina:

Ancient Origins:

The story of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina can be traced back to the ancient Library of Alexandria, founded in the 3rd century BC. It was established by Ptolemy I Soter, a Greek general and successor of Alexander the Great. The Library of Alexandria quickly became a renowned center of learning, attracting scholars from around the world. It housed an impressive collection of scrolls, manuscripts, and books, making it the largest and most significant library of its time.

Destruction and Loss:

Sadly, the ancient Library of Alexandria met a tragic fate. Over the centuries, the library suffered from fires, conflicts, and pillaging, leading to the eventual loss of its vast collection. The exact circumstances surrounding its destruction remain shrouded in mystery, but its demise is widely attributed to a series of events, including the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC.

The Rebirth:

In an ambitious effort to revive the spirit of the ancient library, the idea of constructing a new Bibliotheca Alexandrina emerged in the late 20th century. The project aimed to create a modern library and cultural center that would pay homage to the city’s illustrious past. In 1988, an international architectural competition was held, and the design by the Norwegian firm Snøhetta was chosen.

A Symbol of Knowledge and Unity:

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina officially opened its doors on October 16, 2002, marking a significant milestone in Egypt’s cultural revival. The striking architecture of the library, with its tilted circular shape and granite exterior, is a sight to behold. It stands as a symbol of the knowledge, art, and unity that transcends borders and cultures.

Beyond Books:

While the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is undoubtedly a world-class library, it offers much more than just books. It houses several specialized libraries, including the Arts and Multimedia Library, the Taha Hussein Library for the visually impaired, and the Children’s Library, which aims to foster a love for reading among young minds.

Cultural Hub:

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is not limited to books and research. It serves as a vibrant cultural hub, hosting countless events, exhibitions, conferences, and performances. The library also features several museums, including the Antiquities Museum and the Manuscript Museum, which showcase ancient artifacts and rare manuscripts.

Facts about Catacombs of Bibliotheca Alexandrina:

1. Architectural Marvel:

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina’s architecture is a sight to behold. Designed by the Norwegian firm Snøhetta, the library boasts a stunning tilted circular shape and a granite exterior. Its grandeur and modern design pay tribute to the ancient library while adding a contemporary touch.

2. Vast Collection:

As a library, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina houses an extensive collection of books, manuscripts, and other resources. With over eight million books, including rare publications, it is a treasure trove for researchers, scholars, and book enthusiasts.

3. Specialized Libraries:

Within the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, you will find specialized libraries catering to diverse interests. These include the Arts and Multimedia Library, the Taha Hussein Library for the visually impaired, the International School Library, and the Young People’s Library. Each library offers a unique experience and resources tailored to specific needs.

4. Cutting-Edge Technology:

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina embraces technology to enhance the learning experience. It boasts state-of-the-art facilities, including digital repositories, e-books, and multimedia resources. Visitors can access a vast digital collection, making research and exploration more accessible and convenient.

Frequently Asked Questions about Bibliotheca Alexandrina:

Is photography allowed inside the library?

Yes, photography is permitted inside the library, with the exception of certain restricted areas.

Are there any fees to visit the library?

Entry to the library is free, but some exhibitions and events may require tickets or reservations.

Can I access the library's collection online?

Yes, Bibliotheca Alexandrina provides online access to its digital collection, allowing users to explore a vast array of books, manuscripts, and articles.

Are there guided tours available?

Yes, guided tours are offered to visitors interested in discovering the library’s architecture, exhibitions, and collections.


Bibliotheca Alexandrina is not just a library; it is a beacon of human knowledge, a tribute to the past, and a gateway to the future. With its architectural grandeur, rich history, and commitment to intellectual growth, this remarkable institution continues to inspire visitors from around the globe. Whether you are an avid reader, a history enthusiast, or simply curious about Alexandria’s cultural heritage, a visit to Bibliotheca Alexandrina is an experience not to be missed.

So, why wait? Book your Alexandria Day Trip from Cairo today and get ready to immerse yourself in the rich history and culture of this enchanting city!

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